QUICK SUMMARY

– The Lunarians inhabited a ‘Land of Gods’ atop the Red Line before Marijoa

– The Rise of the World Government & Celestial Dragons took place at the end of the Void Century 800 years ago

– According to Queen, the fall of the Lunarians is an event recorded in history.

– The ‘Forgotten Kingdom’ defeated by the 20 Kings during the Void Century was completely erased.

– The Lunarian’s reign must have happened more than 900 years ago.

– The Current Calendar system is Kaienreki (海円暦 ) – The Age of the Sea Circle

– The prior Calendar system was Tenreki (天暦) – The Age of Heaven

– The epochal shift from the Age of Heaven to the Age of the Sea Circle occurred 1500 years ago; 600 years before the Void Century.

– A monumental event must have occurred to mark this epochal shift.

– ’The Age of Heaven’ describes the era in which a ‘Land of Gods’ inhabited the Red Wall.

– ’The Age of the Sea Circle’ begins with the creation of the Grand Line.

– Year Zero on the One Piece Calendar marks the fall of the Lunarians & Creation of the Grand Line.

What We Know About Lunarians.

King and Queen were first introduced to readers in chapter 925, however it wasn’t obvious at the time that King belonged to a yet to be identified race given his full body suit. There were some immediately identifiable unique, but somewhat familiar aspects to King’s design, such as his large black feathered wings which resemble those belonging to the Birkans.

We later learned that unlike the sky peoples, King’s wings are actually functional. The perpetual flame on King’s back was also later revealed by Queen to be an innate power attributed to his Lunarian race.

In chapter 951, Big Mom identified King as belonging to one of the three races not yet found in her kingdom and extended an invitation for him to join her. King of course declined, but Big Mom described the Lunarians as ‘lost to the mists of time’.

King, like Zoro, is rather stoic and as such, most of the expository information about the Lunarians has been unwittingly revealed by Queen in his attempt to pry information from Sanji regarding his Germa modifications. However, Marco’s wistful musing about his days aboard Whitbeard’s ship may have yielded the most important piece of information thus far.

Marco said he once heard about a race of people atop the Red Wall who could burst into flames. In the next chapter, after Zoro and Sanji took the stage, Marco sat on the sideline and recalled his fallen captain first telling him the legend of King’s people. Whitebeard told a tale of about a land of gods which once existed on top of the Red Line long before Marijoa, the present home of the Celestial Dragons and the enigmatic Lord Imu.

King’s race as well as his true appearance are seemingly sensitive subjects as he appeared to be quite displeased when Queen casually made mention of Lunarians in his battle with Sanji and he went into a rage when Zoro later cut a hole in the top of his mask. Once unmasked, we learned he has distinctive white hair and a dark brown skin tone. He also features tattoos over his left eye (a recurring motif), which resembles hose of Wyper.

Through his battle with Zoro, we learned King’s speed dramatically increases when his flames are extinguished, but that he resists physical damage while they are lit. In chapter 1033, Zoro landed an attack and King responded ‘bingo’, shortly before igniting a large explosion. This indicates the physical damage King receives in combat somehow fuels his flames, or at least his explosive techniques. We further see that he can further manipulate his flames at will.

The Land of Gods.

Queen told Sanji that Zoro stood no chance of defeating King – a remnant of the Lunarian race. He told Sanji the Lunarians were seemingly an incredibly powerful race of beings capable of surviving in all sorts of harsh environments which earned them the reputation of being gods, but that they somehow died out. Sanji wondered how extinction of such a powerful group of beings was possible, but Queen declined to comment further. Notably, he told Sanji to look up the answer for himself in a history book.

The most interesting detail here is the fact that this so-called land of gods atop the Red Wall predates Marjoa. There is a fairly common theory that the Red Line was constructed during the Void Century which concluded with the ascension of the 20 Kings and their families.

I still believe there’s good evidence the Red Line is artificial and has some connection to the ancient continent pullers like Oars. I further believe that the Grand Line may have knowingly been constructed in response through the power of the Sea Kings for a yet to be revealed purpose. However, we can now say with certainty that the Red Line predates the reign of the Celestial Dragons, which seemingly dispels any notion that the 20 Kings were responsible for the construction of the Red Wall.

The Lunarians are said to have been the prior inhabitants of this massive super continent which encircles the One Piece world.

But now we must ask, when did this transfer of ownership take place? When did the Lunarians fall from their lofty land of gods? We know it was before the formation of the World Government, but was it during the Void Century or sometime even earlier? I actually believe the answer to at least that last question has already been revealed.

We Know:

– The Lunarians inhabited the top of the Red Line Before Marijoa, the present home of the Celestial Dragons.

– The 20 Kings banded together during the Void Century to topple a vast forgotten kingdom.

– 19 of the 20 Kings gathered at ‘the center of the world’ and ascended to live in the Holy Land.

Fall of the Lunarians.

Now, let’s first examine the possibility the Lunarians were struck down by the 20 Kings during the Void Century. Could their society atop the Red Wall be the Forgotten Kingdom which once thrived and wielded the power of the Ancient Weapons?

During the Ohara flashback, Professor Clover was allowed the opportunity to speak with the Five Elders before being executed, and he used that opportunity to discuss his and the other scholar’s findings through studying the Poneglyphs.

As revealed by Clover, the 20 Kings are said to have banded together for the purpose of defeating a vast and powerful adversarial kingdom. The Elders ordered Clover’s immediate execution before he could speak the name of this Forgotten Kingdom aloud, but we importantly learned that this nation and its name have been completely erased from history. Thus far, Clover and the Roger Pirates are the only one to have mentioned the existence of this vast Forgotten Kingdom.

Additional expository information about the Celestial Dragons and World Government has been supplied by characters like Pappag, and Doflamingo, but they emphasized only the ascension of the 20 Kings and creation of the World Gov. No one, aside from those who have read the Poneglyphs like Clover and the Roger Pirates, has made any mention of this Forgotten Kingdom.

It could make sense for the Lunarians, previously considered too be the reigning so-called gods of the One Piece world to fall in order for the new and current self-proclaimed gods, the Celestial Dragons, to rise and take their throne in the holy city.

But I believe we can say with almost absolute certainty the Lunarians are NOT the ancient forgotten kingdom wiped out during the Void Century that Clover and the scholars of Ohara learned about from the Poneglyphs. Importantly, Queen told Sanji the downfall of the Lunarians is recorded in history and Big Mom seems to be fully aware of the race to which King belongs.

Legends of the Lunarians living atop the Red Line also persist as we know from Marco’s memories of Whitebeard. This means the history of the Lunarians may not be common knowledge, but records of their powers and their demise remain accessible, unlike the tale of the forgotten kingdom recorded solely on the Poneglyphs. Thus, we can confidently say, the Lunarians are not the ones wiped out by the 20 Kings during their rise to power.

Interestingly, however, I believe the fall of the Lunarians may explain one of my biggest questions regarding the timeline of the One Piece world. What happened in year zero?

The Age of Heaven (Tenreki) & The Age of the Sea Circle (Kaienreki): One Piece World Calendars.

Oda has rarely provided the specific calendar date for events in One Piece, which makes the few instances where he has done so particularly noteworthy. Most events in the One Piece world are only given relative dates. Oda tells us through text box how many years before the ongoing narrative a flashback scene takes place which allows us to construct a rough timeline of events.

But the first time an actual calendar year is mentioned is in chapter 203. During the Alabasta story arc, Robin descended with Crocodile into the Royal Crypts in search of the Poneglyph said to reveal the location of the Ancient Weapon Pluton. Though she indeed found a Poneglyph, she told Crocodile it recorded only the history of the Nation of Sand. We later learned in chapter 218 that Robin was lying to Crocodile as Cobra confirmed the Poneglyph revealed everything Crocodile wanted to know about Pluton including its location.

Importantly, as part of her deception, Robin read Crocodile a sample of Alabasta’s history, and indicated the calendar date for particular events which took place in the Age of Heaven or Tenreki.

The next time a specific calendar date was mentioned and the only time a definitive year was stated for events actually depicted on panel came from the log of Noland’s voyage to the kingdom of Shandora. Noland’s flashback was set 400 years before current events in One Piece and Noland dated his arrival on Jaya in the year 1122 in the Age of the Sea Circle or Kaienreki. His voyage began in the year 1120 and ended in 1127. Also worthy of note, the day and month divisions in the Sea Circle calendar seems to match our real-world Gregorian calendar.

From this information we can extrapolate several important details. First, through the dates listed by Robin as well as those recorded by Noland, we know that two distinct calendar systems are used in the One Piece world, much like our own. The current epoch is referred to as the Age of the Sea Circle or Kaienreki, which began roughly 1500 years before the present point in time. The era before this was called ‘The Age of Heaven’ or Tenreki.

From this we can date certain key events:

– 402 Kaienreki – Shandora was a thriving Nation.

– 500 Kaienreki – Zunesha is cursed and the nation of Zou is formed on its back.

– 600 Kaienreki – The Void Century Begins.

– 700 Kaieneki – The Void Century Ends, World Government is formed and JoyBoy leaves behind ‘a great treasure’ on Laugh Tale.

– 1120 – 1127 Kaienreki – Noland’s voyage.

– 1500 Kaienreki – Gol D. Roger is executed.

– 1523 – 1525 Kainerki – The Voyage of the Straw Hat Pirates.

We can thus assume that the Age of Heaven or Tenreki precedes the current epoch and likely ended about 1500 years before the present story of One Piece. We don’t actually know if the Age of Heaven directly precedes the Age of the Sea Circle, but given there are only two calendar systems referenced thus far, I think it’s a safe assumption. Very little has been revealed about the previous era, but we do know Alabasta was already a thriving Kingdom during the Age of Heaven as the Palace in Alubarna was said to have been constructed 4,000 years before the present (2500 Years before Year Zero).

This means, Luffy’s voyage is taking place around the year 1525 Age of the Sea Circle or Kaienreki. The Void Century began around 900 years ago and ended 800 years ago. Which means the current One Piece world calendar began about 600 years before the Void Century. Yet, we know recorded history in the One Piece world dates at least as far back as 5,000 years when the Tree of Knowledge on Ohara was said to have been planted.

Interestingly, I believe the fall of the Lunarians may fit a theory I have held for a long time – that some monumental event must have occurred to mark the transition from the previous calendar system to the one currently in use.

The Monumental Event(s) in YEAR ZERO.

The World Nobles have positioned themselves as false gods and centered the world around the formation of the World Government. They even erased one hundred years of history to mask the means by which the 20 Kings rose to power and as Clover asserted, to hide the existence of the Forgotten Kingdom. So, the fact that they didn’t also re-start the calendars at year zero is tremendously important and potentially revealing. Erasing a century of history would have been much easier and much less conspicuous if the calendar year began at the end of the Void Century.

Beyond the fact that the Celestial Dragon’s own sense of self-importance would be compelling enough reason to re-start the calendar year to mark their ascension to so-called-godhood, the best way to erase the void century would have been to re-start the calendars and declare the end of the hundred-year void to be year zero so as to communicate, ‘nothing before this event matters’ and to further discourage inquiry into events they want to be forgotten.

Leaving the calendar as-is and voiding a century in the middle of the timeline is far more conspicuous. As far as we know, they have no discernable motive not to re-start the calendars with the formation of the World Government marking year zero… unless they know the world wouldn’t recognize that change because something undeniably more important happened in year zero.

This further suggests that the Celestial Dragons also recognize this theoretical event as somehow more important than themselves and the formation of the World Government. They maintain the calendar system because they too regard the reason for the epochal shift marked by the transition from the Age of Heaven to the Age of the Sea Circle to be important and worth not only remembering, but memorializing.

So what can we conclude based on this information? Well, this tells us some monumental event must have happened to mark the beginning of the current epoch of history, the age of the Sea Circle, and the end of the previous epoch, the Age of Heaven, 600 years before the Void Century began. I have been wondering what event could be so important, so monumental, to the One Piece world that the entire system of dating would be reset and that the Celestial Dragons would consider more worthy of note than their own rise to power?

I believe the names of these two eras, coupled with the information recently revealed about King and the Lunarians may yield the answer to these questions – and more.

The calendar system currently used is Kaienreki or, in the Viz Translation, the Age of Kaien. This roughly translates to the Age of the Sea Circle, which immediately brings to mind the Grand Line – the sea which encircles the globe and leads to One Piece. This perhaps suggests the Grand Line came into being 1500 years before the story began.

The prior epoch is referred to as Tenreki, or the Age of Heaven, which certainly matches the described time period in which a land of gods once occupied the top of the Red Wall. The end of the Age of Heaven would thus fittingly describe the fall of these so-called gods. As was revealed in chapter 1033, the Lunarians were incredibly powerful but somehow died out. He further indicated that their demise is an event recorded in history.

I think we can thus begin to form a picture of the major events which marked the epochal shift from the Age of Heaven to the Age of the Sea Circle – the fall of the Lunarians and the destruction of the land of gods at the end of the Age of Heaven, and the formation of the Grand Line, the birth of the sea circle which provided the name of the world’s current epoch.

But how are these two events related? Who was responsible for the destruction of King’s race? What was the purpose of the Grand Line before the World Government was formed, the Poneglyphs created, and One Piece being left on Laugh Tale?

Mysteries of the Ancient World.

What’s becoming clear is that while the True History holds the key to understanding exactly what happened during the Void Century (which took place between the years 600 to 700 in the Age of the Sea Circle), the conflict in the One Piece world likely began much earlier. Zunesha was cursed 1000 years ago, Ryugu Kingdom was already forcibly located at the bottom of the sea during the Void Century, and the fact that Nika was famous for liberating slaves means the world was not in some type of idyllic utopian state before the rise of the 20 Kings and World Government.

Uncovering the True History of the Void Century represents a fulfillment of Robin’s dream, but as we are gradually learning, the dreams of all members of the crew are in some way connected and related to the central narrative arc of One Piece and the approaching New Dawn.

Understanding the mystery of the Forgotten Kingdom and the ascension of the Celestial Dragons is vitally important, but there’s an even deeper layer to this mystery which extends farther back into the mists of time than was at first apparent and connects all of the Straw Hat’s dreams including Robin’s. Discovery of the True History is an important piece of an even larger whole.

The epochal shift between the Age of Heaven and the Age of the Sea Circle is likely another key event in the One Piece timeline. The moon is one of the most important and recurrent symbols throughout the series so a lunar race living atop the Red Line in the era which precedes the creation of the Grand Line is interesting to say the last and their reign and fall likely tie into the overarching conflict in a significant way. But at this point, we’re still left with so many unanswered questions.

First and foremost, what actually are the Lunarians and what is their connection to the moon? Though the Lunarians have distinct anatomical and physiological features not found among the other sky races, they are still likely somehow ancestrally related and we know the other sky people also have some deeper connection to the moon.

For example, we know King and his people are capable of surviving all sorts of inhospitable environments which could explain Eneru’s ability to go walking on the moon without a spacesuit if the Birkans share ancestry with the Lunarians. So what role, if any, did the Lunarians have in creating the ancient city on the moon’s surface? The Lunarians were once considered gods, so could Eneru’s delusional belief in his own divinity and his deep reverence for the Moon, the Endless Varse, be rooted in the history of the Lunarians?

The next question: If not the 20 Kings, then who was responsible for the downfall of the Lunarians? This is a question Sanji pondered in chapter 1033 and Queen indicated the answer is recorded in the pages of history, so perhaps we will learn the truth of this matter before the True History is ultimately revealed on Laugh Tale.

There are several other important figures potentially linked to the world’s distant past including Joyboy, Lord Imu, and Sun God Nika. If King accurately represents the strength of the Lunarians, then certainly an entire civilization of such beings could be a threat to those who want to hold power, like Imu, and I suspect the dark forces in the One Piece world were working behind the scenes long before they finally emerged and rose to power during the Void Century.

But we also can’t discount the possibility the Lunaians were themselves tyrants. The association between the Lunarians and the Red Line is potentially revealing as the wall which separates the world’s seas in two seems to be a physical representation of the world’s division and oppression. After all, it’s no small coincidence the reigning faux deities, the Celestial Dragnos, have also chosen the ‘Holy Land’ Marijoa to call their home. The 19 families who ascended gathered in a place they called ‘the center of the world.’

King asserted his innate biological superiority to Zoro, indicating his attitude matches the delusional sense of self-importance possessed by the Celestial Dragons who now consider themselves to be gods. This ideological connection indicates the Lunarians were once similarly persuaded of their own divinity – and were perhaps the prior servants of the devil lurking in the shadows, Lord Imu.

Both in terms of nature and geographical orientation, it seems the Grand Line and Red Line are representative of diametrically opposed forces: Freedom and oppression. This is further evidenced by the symbol which appears on both Oars’ clothing and the wall of Imu’s vault inside Pangea Castle which connects the construction of the Red Line to the fabled continent pullers and the Word Government’s mysterious secret ruler.

So could the Lunarians have been villains from the distant past who had a hand in the construction of this massive super continent, over which they ruled as gods much like the modern Celestial Dragons? I could imagine this being the case, though I am hesitant because moon symbolism has been consistently used to represent those allied, or at least morally aligned with Joyboy. The moon in One Piece has been consistently used as a symbol of hope and a promise of the approaching New Dawn.

Regardless, this leads me to believe that the downfall of the Lunarians may have been an important step in a master plan to seize power which dates back millennia. For whatever reason, their demise didn’t need to be masked like the destruction of the Forgotten Kingdom. Conversely, if this theory is correct, the decline of the land of gods was forever marked in the pages of history by an epochal shift, ending the Age of Heaven.

But how does the fall of the Lunarians relate to the start of the current epoch, the Age of the Sea Circle? The Grand Line, which I assume to be the sea circle for which the current calendar system is named, is the sea of dreams, hemmed in by the Calm Belts which are home to the Sea Kings, ancient sentient beings who also await the promised future day when One Piece is rediscovered.

The Grand Line seems to be a gauntlet intentionally designed to test adventurer’s strength and ability to form bonds of fellowship with many people across the sea in pursuit of the final island. The purpose of this filtering system seems to be intrinsically linked with the treasure hidden on Laugh Tale. Yet, if this theory about the epochal shift is correct, the Age of the Sea Circle began 600 years before the start of the Void Century.

This is notable because the current oppressive regime which One Piece is seemingly intended to topple, rose to power during the world’s forgotten century. I believe it makes sense that the Grand Line was formed in response to the Red Line – the power of the sea, which carries people toward freedom, running orthogonally to a wall which divides the world and opposes such freedom. And we now know this wall was constructed much earlier than the Void Century – that it existed during the Age of Heaven.

I had previously assumed the 20 Kings and Imu were the ones responsible for the Red Line’s construction and Joyboy and his allies somehow directed the formation of the Grand Line in response as a system to preserve the truth and test the mettle of the one who seeks to inherit the treasure.

The only way to reach the final island is by possessing the strength needed to overcome the trials of the voyage itself and by finding favor with Joyboy’s allies who guard the Road Poneglyphs. The very structure of this circular ocean route thus naturally selects for the virtues requisite of one capable of properly utilizing the treasure and the true history to bring the New Dawn.

In chapter 966, Roger confirmed the legend of the treasure at the end of the Grand Line, which spurred his voyage, already existed from long ago. The legend of the treasure and the Government’s desire to prevent it from being discovered predate Roger’s successful circumnavigation of the globe, his coronation as Pirate King, the name ‘One Piece’, Roger’s execution, and the current Great Era of Piracy.

In chapter 967, Roger confirmed Joyboy was the last person to have visited Laugh Tale 800 years earlier, which suggests One Piece was left behind at the very end of the Void Century. As indicated by the various prophecies of Joyboy’s return and the approaching New Dawn, rediscovery of this ancient treasure will mark another epochal shift in the One Piece world.

But importantly, the nomenclature of the world’s calendar system indicates the Grand Line’s formation and thus its purpose, if its construction was indeed intentional, is rooted in an even earlier event than the Void Century.

Notably, though it’s a natural assumption, Roger never directly confirmed Joyboy placed One Piece on Laugh Tale when he last visited 800 years earlier. He simply named the island in honor of Joyboy’s tale full of laughs and remarked that his crew were the first to reach the final island in eight centuries. He said JoyBoy left behind a great treasure, a ‘tale full of laughs’, which very well couold be One piece, but we don’t have direct explicit confirmation.

As noted, we know there was already global conflict during this time, and likely even earlier. Could the Lunarians, inhabitants of the Red Wall which divides the seas, be the primordial oppressors or at least, the prior servants of the primordial oppressors, whom the Sea Circle and the treasure it protects were created to oppose? Did the 20 Kings simply pick up where the Lunarians left off 600 years later?

– The Grand Line exists for a purpose – to protect that which exists at the end of the line.

– The Red Line and Grand Line are diametrically opposed, represented by their nature and geographical orientation.

– The Red Line represents oppression; The Grand Line represents freedom.

– The Lunarians inhabited the Red Line, but fell 1500 years ago, coinciding with the formation of the Grand Line.

Where are the Lunarians Now?

The last question I want to address is more directly related to King and other potential remnants of the Lunarian race. I presented a case for why I believe their reign may have ended 1500 years earlier, but according to the Vivre Cards, King is only 47 years old, which means at the very least his parents were still alive in the not-so-distant past.

Does this then mean an enclave of the Lunarians remains somewhere in the world? The fact that King may not be the last of his kind seemingly lends more weight to the idea that Sanji is somehow related to the Lunarians either through his ancestry or through Judge’s Germa experimentation.

Sanji’s mother was named Sora which means ‘sky’ in Japanese and his father Vinsmoke Judge goes by the epitaph “Garuda”, which is a birdlike creature in Hindu cosmology. The Germa crest even utilizes an eagle-like symbol. Thus, on multiple levels, it seems there is some thematic connection between Sanji and the sky people.

Queen indicated Sanji’s flames are unnatural and reminiscent of King’s and the durable endoskeleton featured by Sanji and his siblings seems to be similar in nature to the Lunarian’s imperviousness to damage.

More importantly, if there are surviving Lunarians somewhere in the world, which master do they serve? I have wondered for some time if there exists a deterrent force in Marijoa comprised of warriors who eclipse even the Marine Admirals in terms of strength based solely on the fact that Dragon and the Revolutionary Army captains chose not to invade the Holy Land while the entirety of the Marine Fleet was preoccupied with fighting Whitebeard during the Battle of Marineford.

All of the world’s most powerful Marines were assembled on the blue seas, so who was left to guard the Celestial Dragons from an enemy attack? While I do believe the Five Elders are among the world’s most powerful warriors, I wonder if the few surviving Lunarians are also now under the Government’s control.

Notably, King’s subordinates indicated the Government offers a hefty reward for information related to King, but they were incinerated before this could be explained. Is the Government seeking information about Lunarians in general?

This would indicate they don’t know where they’re presently located. Or does this mean they’re seeking information about Alber specifically? Was he the only one to escape their grasp? Kaido rescued Alber from Punk Hazard, but we don’t actually know how Alber came to be in the Government’s possession. Was he captured or were he and his family already under government control?

As potential evidence toward this end, King’s clothing is highly reminiscent of the jailers and warden of Impel Down, which suggests he may have been previously associated with the World Government. His black feathered wings give him the appearance of a fallen angel, which along with his epitaph “Hellfire” fittingly contrasts the angelic motif assigned to the Skypieans.

Oda has frequently touched on Judeo Christian iconography, particularly in relation to the central underlying narrative conflict. There’s the indestructible Jewel Tree Adam, the Sunlight Tree Eve, the Devil Fruit, the Celestial Dragons who call themselves Gods, and the D.’s who are said to be their natural born enemies. The very fact that the Lunarians were once considered gods, as the Celestial Dragons are now, and occupied the same supposedly sacred location, means their history is intrinsically tied this underlying mystery and conflict.

Perhaps this suggests the Lunarians, much like the Celestial Dragons made a deal with the devil to gain their position atop the Red Wall and reputation as gods? Perhaps their downfall at the end of the Age of Heaven was the inevitable end result of their Faustian bargain and could signal the fate which will befall the Five Elders and world nobles should they fail to uphold their end of the deal by appeasing the capricious Lord Imu.

And if so, what does this suggest about Imu? Does this mean his occupancy of the Empty Throne in Marijoa is not the end state of his master plan? Is the World Government simply an apparatus designed to accomplish Imu’s end goal? Are the Celestial Dragons and Five Elders mere pawns, entrapped by a bargain made eight centuries earlier, now forced to do his bidding? And should they fail, will they too be cast aside like the Lunarians?

Theory by StrawHatJedi (https://www.reddit.com/user/StrawHatJedi)